The quality of sound is often ignored by many people who make a professional recording when it comes to choosing between condenser vs dynamic.
However, experts will tell you that getting the right sound is one of the cornerstones of quality work.
Your audience is expecting to get the best from you and nothing less.
And that is why choosing a microphone should be a priority.
As much as it seems easy, there are a lot of things that could go wrong.
For instance, you might never get the best post-production if you can’t capture sound with clarity and preciseness.
Perhaps we should start with the basics.
What is a microphone (m.i.a./mic)?
It is a device that converts sound into energy signals.
In other words, it makes it possible for your sound to be captured by amplifying electronic devices.
Different types of microphones use varying techs to deliver.
You can spend a good number of the year learning about microphones.
In this article, we are going to focus on two major types: the condenser and dynamic microphones.
Why is learning about microphones important?
Many people make money right from their bedrooms by simply creating and sharing content.
Many are making millions through such means.
For instance, some YouTubers earn their living through content creation.
You may be wondering how they got there.
Well, you can be sure of one thing; they did not use the default microphones on their Smartphones or laptops.
So if you want to start streaming content of such channels, get a good microphone.
The world of technology is changing rapidly, and consumers are becoming more and more demanding.
Twitch and YouTube user s expect high-quality sound.
If it is your source of income, working from home, then you have to get it right.
It’s even more crucial for freelancers.
Good sound reveals the level of your professionalism and can add you good points.
There is no doubt that music recording is among the most trending investment opportunities today.
No wonder, Apple’s GarageBand and other software have lowered barriers for entering the music industry.
But as competition intensifies, you need to be on top of your game and make every sound amazing.
Paying a professional sound engineer to get you good music can be quite costly.
It is, therefore, vital to learning one or two things about music production.
Some musicians sell with home-recorded equipment.
The difference between success and failure lies in using professional equipment, among them, understanding your mics.
What is a condenser microphone?
The term condenser is an old name for a capacitor.
As you may already be aware, this is a device that stores energy in an electric field.
A condenser microphone can also be called a ‘capacitor microphone’ only that the latter has won.
Inside the condenser are two plates:
• The fixed backplate
• A thinner flexible front plate
There is a vibration when the sound hits the front plate.
Since the two placed at a fixed distance, this vibration causes them to move closer to each other.
As a result, a change occurs in the capacitance, which is then converted into electrical energy.
Next, are the amplification and transfer of the change to the pre-amp or other devices?
But the change cannot be registered on the capacitor unless there is a charge across it.
This is where phantom power comes in.
A constant +48 volts does the work.
The power may come from the mixing desk or the pre-amp, or sometimes batteries inside some microphones.
Advantages of Condenser microphones
• They are highly sensitive, a feature that produces high-quality sound.
• They have a great response to high frequencies. Due to high sensitivity, they can capture every sound in its best phone.
• It is recommended for recording vocals. Whether singing or speaking, this is the microphone you need to have.
• They are electronic, meaning they can be found in many different form factors. It is easy to get both large and small lapel microphones.
Disadvantages of Condenser microphones
• They need phantom power to work. This means you have to connect them to another source, therefore not very portable.
• They can make with electronic parts which increase there cost
• Quite fragile. The electronics and capacitors can be easily damaged.
• Sometimes high sensitivity can lead to poor performance. There could be distortions, for instance, in environments that lack echo-proof.
What are the best condenser microphones?
Here are some of the best you will get from the market:
• CAD Audio Equitek M179 Large-diaphragm Infinitely Adjustable Polar Pattern Condenser Microphone
What are Dynamic Microphones?
Also known as moving-coil microphones, Dynamic microphones use electromagnetic induction to function.
An induction coil is attached to the diaphragm inside the microphones.
The coil is placed inside a magnetic field of a permanent magnet.
The diaphragm vibrates whenever sound waves enter the microphone.
Such movement causes the coil to move in the field.
The action results in varying current, which changes the sound to electrical energy.
The pre-amp or mixing desk then picks it up and amplifies it.
Advantages of Dynamic Microphones
• They are quite dynamic and inexpensive.
• The internal mechanisms come at low costs
• They last longer and are more rugged
• Great for louder sounds and instrumentations.
• No high sensitivity.
• They cannot, therefore, pick distant noise, making them ideal for live environments.
Disadvantages of Dynamic microphones
• They offer flatter audio
• Very low sensitivity, which brings out poor performance.
• Can not capture detail in sound
• Does not respond well to transient sounds
Best Dynamic Mics
• Shure SM-57 Cardioid Dynamic Instrument Microphone
• Sennheiser E609 Silver Super Cardioid Instrument Microphone
Depending on where and how you intend to use the microphone, there may not be much difference between the two types.
So, Condenser or Dynamic?
Condenser mics work great overall frequencies, while dynamic ones are more durable and great in eliminating background noises
Therefore, if you are working indoor, in a sound-proof area, get yourself a condenser mic.
For live recording, using loud instruments, a dynamic microphone will give you the best results.
Whether you want a condenser or a dynamic mic, take your time to check the specifications.
Be sure to experiment in different environments until you get what you are looking for.
If you’ve found the article interesting and helpful, or if you have any questions, please leave a comment below, we will answer as soon as possible.